May 1st is commemorated as World Asthma Day in order to raise awareness about this chronic respiratory disease that is prevalent in children nowadays. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), asthma is not just a public health problem in developed countries. In developing countries; however, the incidence of the disease varies greatly. According to its report, India has estimated 15-20 million asthmatics.
Asthma is a chronic lung disorder that is caused due to inflammation in the airways. The airways are said to become narrower and are filled with mucus, further blocking the airflow. This in turn results in short gasping breaths, coughing, and wheezing and chest tightness. If an asthma attack isn’t controlled in time, it could leave a person breathless. Asthma could be triggered due to allergic reactions from irritants, dust, smoke, fumes and chemical allergens like pollen and grass.